Formaldehyde (aka methanal, methylene oxide, oxymethylene, methylaldehyde, oxomethane) is a colorless, flammable gas at room temperature. It includes a sharp, distinct odor which might cause a burning sensation to the eyes, nose, and lungs. Formaldehyde can react with numerous other chemicals, and at quite high temperatures, it will break up into a combination of wood alcohol and carbon monoxide. Although it is harmless when it is naturally manufactured in tiny amounts in our anatomies, it can be within the air that individuals breathe in the home and at work (ie smog, car exhaust, tobacco, gas cookers, open fireplaces, fertilizers, latex, leather, paper, plywood, and in manufactured wood products), in the meals we eat (ie preservatives), and in certain products that individuals placed on the skin we have (ie antiseptics, medicines, cosmetics, dish-washing liquids, fabric softeners, shoe-care agents, carpet cleaners, glues and adhesives, lacquers, paper, plastics, and some types of wood products). When formaldehyde is coupled with methanol and buffers, it makes embalming fluid and it can be used to preserve tissue specimens.
All of the formaldehyde that you’re exposed to in the environmental surroundings is in the air. This usually reduces each day to create formic acid and carbon monoxide. This doesn’t seem to build up in plants, animals or water. However, you are exposed to small levels of formaldehyde in the air. This is particularly so if you reside in heavily populated suburban areas. Surprisingly though, there’s usually more formaldehyde present indoors than outdoors. This is because formaldehyde is released in to the air from many home products that you breathe in. These products include latex paint, fingernail hardener, and fingernail polish, antiseptics, medicines, dish-washing liquids, fabric softeners, shoe-care agents, carpet cleaners, glues, adhesives, and lacquers. Formaldehyde can also be within plywood and particle board, in addition to furniture and cabinets created from them, fiberglass products, new carpets, decorative laminates, and some permanent press fabrics, and some paper products (ie grocery bags and paper towels). Since these items contain formaldehyde, you may also be exposed through your skin by touching or arriving direct connection with them. You may even be exposed to small levels of formaldehyde in the meals you eat. Other home products that have and give off formaldehyde include: household cleaners, carpet cleaners, disinfectants, cosmetics, medicines, fabric softeners, glues, lacquers, and antiseptics. You may even breathe formaldehyde if you use unvented gas or kerosene heaters indoors or in the event that you or somebody else smokes tobacco indoors. It can also be interesting to see that the quantity of formaldehyde in mobile homes and apartments is usually greater than it is in conventional homes for their lower air turnover.
The National Institute for 學校消毒 Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) estimates that 1,329,332 individuals in the United States have experienced the possibility of occupational experience of formaldehyde. This is particularly so if you should be a doctor, nurse, dentist, veterinarian, pathologist, embalmer, a worker in the clothing industry or in a furniture factory, a worker in a chemical plant, or if you should be a teacher or even a student who handles preserved specimens in a laboratory.
There are many ways in which formaldehyde can enter the body, These include breathing it in, drinking or eating it, or having it enter into contact with your skin. Formaldehyde is quickly absorbed from the nose and the upper part of your lungs. It can also be rapidly absorbed whenever it is eaten or drank. Once absorbed, almost every tissue within your body can rapidly break up formaldehyde into a non-toxic chemical called formate, that is excreted in the urine. Formaldehyde can be changed into carbon dioxide and breathed out of the body. Sometimes formaldehyde is even broken down so that the body can use it to produce larger molecules which are needed in your tissues. However, formaldehyde is never stored in fat.
Children are frequently exposed to formaldehyde through breathing it or by wearing some types of new clothes or cosmetics. Studies have shown that breathing formaldehyde in will result in nose and eye irritation (ie burning feeling, itchy, tearing, and sore throat) in children. It is possible that the irritation occurs at lower concentrations in children than in adults. However, what’s promising (if there’s any to be found), is that formaldehyde will NOT cause birth defects in humans nor is it within breast milk.
Whenever you enter into connection with formaldehyde you will usually have skin irritation. Obviously, many people are more sensitive to the results of formaldehyde than other folks are (ie individuals with asthma are more sensitive). The most typical symptoms include irritation of the eyes, nose, and throat, alongside increased tearing. Other symptoms that occur with large levels of formaldehyde intake include severe pain, vomiting, coma, and possible death. Studies have shown that experience of large levels of formaldehyde also causes nose and throat cancer.
All of this provides a hardcore case for desiring to lessen our experience of formaldehyde. Some ways in which to do this is by opening windows or employing a fan to create oxygen into your home. It’s also advisable to try to get rid of as many formaldehyde sources as you are able to from your own home. This includes not smoking indoors (or not smoking at all) and not using unvented portable kerosene heaters. Obviously, formaldehyde can also be within small amounts in many consumer products. To lessen your experience of formaldehyde when utilizing these items you should make an effort to use them near a source of fresh air. If this is simply not possible, you then should at the least ensure that you have plenty of ventilation when you’re using them. If you decide on to buy something that is made out of plywood or particle board, expose it to plenty of oxygen or ensure that it is covered with plastic laminate or coated on all sides. When purchasing permanent press fabrics you should wash these new clothes when you wear them.